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TAISHAN ARTIST OF CHINESE
泰山画家张伟明
태산화가 장 위 명           
泰山の画家の張偉明

                 

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  The Taishan culture and the Taishan picture sends     3星级
The Taishan culture and the Taishan picture sends
----Studies Zhang Weiming about the Taishan picture faction
[ Author:Zhang Weiming     Origin:Taishan Artist Zhang Weiming webs...     Clicks on the number:6236     Renewal time:2008-5-6     Article input:Admin
【Typeface: 字体颜色

  Taishan, Five Mountains revere alone, are listed as above the North China great plains.
 
From the natural angle looked that Taishan's US is one kind vigorous, robust, grand, the great beauty,

Successive dynasties emperor's lying prostrate in worship, Taishan has become “the Saint mountain” and “the country mountain” may find the sympathetic chord and the harmony in China's rulers and the masses in Taishan, therefore produced “Taishan to be peaceful, then the world was peaceful” the reputation.

When Taishan declaration world heritage, inspects United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization expert Mr. Lucas after Taishan, not only to Taishan's natural scenery Canada appreciation, is infatuated with in Taishan's rich cultural heritage, after Mr. Lucas descends the mountain, excitedly for Taishan writes a few words of appreciation: “Taishan the nature and the culture unifies uniquely in together, and widened the field of vision in person and in the natural concept, this is China to the world humanity's great contribution.”Mr. Lucas's this section to Taishan's praising is very important, because at that time in the world did not have “the double inheritance”. Fine reputation

Soon at the end of 1987 world heritage congresses, Taishan became in the world the first cultural and the nature dual inheritance fine reputations, rewrote the world heritage classification.

Taishan is evaluated the world nature and the cultural double inheritance, not only this because of the Taishan extremely rich natural resource, because of Taishan already with Yellow River, the Great Wall, Yangtze River together, became the Chinese nation a symbol, in the world is very difficult to have the second mountain to look like Taishan such, for several thousand years penetrate into the entire national trillion person of hearts.

Speaking of Taishan's culture, all previous dynasties writer has left behind the massive prose, the famous phrase, the calligraphy in Taishan and carves.

Dai Zong husbands how? Qi and Lu blue not. Good fortune Zhong Shen Xiu, the masculine and feminine elements shears the dark dawn. Swings the chest to live the stratus cloud, zi enters definitely turns over to the bird. When will insult extremely, as soon as will look at the numerous mountains to be small. Has no alternative but saying that is describes Taishan's ancient poetry most to have one of representative works.

Taishan extant calligraphy style stele carving 500, the inscription carved on a cliff face topics engrave 800, the stele carving autograph head of the multi-crown China famous mountains, becomes a natural calligraphy to carve the display, has the very high art and the historical data value.

At the same time, the Taishan carved stone contained has included the entire China's calligraphy history, had demonstrated the Chinese all previous dynasties calligraphy art style and inherited development vein, moreover collected has looked like the Qin dynasty "Li Si Tablet", the Han Dynasty "Zhang Qianbei", "Weighs Side Tablet", Jin Dynasty "Madame Sun Tablet", as well as Northern Qi Dynasty after Shi Yu "Vajracchedika-sutra" large brush-written Chinese character and Tang Dynasty "Discipline Taishan Inscription" and so on large quantities of famous tablets.

“the Qin Taishan carves” is the Taishan extant earliest carved stone, hands down uses “the small seal script” for Li Si the book, is honored as “first under heaven to engrave”, is studies the Chinese writing to evolve the rare writing, also after is Chin Shihhuang monopolizes, “the book same text” concrete manifestation. Therefore, the carved stone to later generation's seal, the Magistrate, the line, the grass, and so on has the tremendous influence really.

The Taishan peak “the non-character tablet” will be the eternity pinnacle of poetic creation, “a character, loose”.

“weighs the side tablet”, “Zhang Qianbei” to be well-known by the body abundant bone shape subordination, stroke straight steady, conception sturdy plain, “the outside internal bore”, “a silkworm dovetail”, “the silkworm lay, the swallow dual flight not to found the official script standard not again”, was also the model for painting which all previous dynasties calligrapher copied.

“carves after the stone valley inscription carved on a cliff face” is our country extant scale biggest Buddhist literature inscription carved on a cliff face carves, on engraves "Jin'gang Wisdom Pineapple To pass through", it after engraves the calligraphy by the official script primarily, has at the same time the seal, the line, the regular script, grass's attitude, the structure vast nature, the writing technique vigorous plain, has an elegant bearing free and easy, Fengrun is vigorous. Greatness big, the scale its structure, being possible be called “the first under heaven”, always regards as “the large brush-written Chinese character first ancestor”, “ancestor of the announcement book”, esteems for all previous dynasties calligraphy amateur.

“Song Da the view Saint makes the tablet” on to engrave Li Shiyong facsimile Emperor Huizong in Song dynasty "Eight columns Imperial edict", this tablet calligraphy writing technique is extremely thin, is called it “the thin golden calligraphy style”. So and so on, to mention just a few.

Taishan carves the culture to be richly colorful, well-established. Looking from the calligraphy angle, the calligraphy style is numerous, the style varies, regardless of seal, Magistrate, the line, the grass and so on, are not difficult to discover that the calligraphy until now law of development, might say since old times Taishan carves the culture is vivid calligraphy teaching material. From historical angle, is not difficult the event which and the historical research sees the engraved inscription to record may supplement mutually and verify, moreover mostly with the Taishan history related, therefore, Taishan carves the culture is also the Taishan history teaching material. Taishan carves connotation, may also respond all previous dynasties highly placed people's mood, load bearing Taishan palatial stable, vigorous abundant, tall and straight lofty and great profound spirit, through the ages, none who does not so. Like, “Five Mountains revere alone”, “pull out exceedingly high”, “outside the holding up the head day”, “and country Xianning, the body do the myriad things”, “to follow the good as difficult as climbing a mountain” and so on to the high boundary.

These are the traditional culture precious material. In addition, Taishan along the way numerous inscription carved on a cliff face carved stone, either holds the thing to chant the will, either the topic scenery leaves a good name, either approves Taishan to pull out male direct access to the highest authorities, either praises Xiu of the quiet Austria fluttering flags, causes beauty fusion the nature in the carved stone art, carved stone art quite the same as scenery in the nature, became links the tourist and the natural scenery link, the enrichment has enriched the Taishan US's connotation.

"the Taishan Grand appearance" traditional Chinese painting Zhang Weiming draws

 

Speaks of here, we will possibly ask: In the Taishan culture's prose, the calligraphy, carves and so on, is so rich, then the Taishan drawing is a blank? . Actually ancient and modern about Taishan's painting by no means vacancy

Songzhenzong after sealing prays Taishan, the imperial edict constructs the day kuang palace. After the main hall constructs, needs to draw a mural, then recruits the world painter to come for the peaceful mountain spirit to make the elephant, but because does not gather meaning of the real ancestor to kill. Afterward some intelligent painter, imitated the real ancestor ancient rite of making sacrifices Taishan's scene to create a mural, the real ancestor was happy, generous recompense this painter. Therefore, in the day kuang palace had this "To open Clears the way for the emperor's passage nian Chart". This chart draws east the main hall, west, north on three walls, from brings up the rear the gate for, east is “opens clears the way for the emperor's passage”, west is “returns nian”, draws the height 3.30 meters, the length 62 meters, the imposing manner is broad, high-quality goods of for the ancient times mural.
 
Yuan Wang Meng (1301~1385 years), character uncle is bright, number fragrant light scholar, Huzhou (now Zhejiang Wuching) human, Zhao Meng 頫 granddaughter. Yuan Dynasty landscape painting everybody. Once had made the waiter, latter lives in seclusion in the yellow Heshan, said that “the yellow crane woodcutter”, Hongwu first year descends the mountain becomes an official, to be the Tai'an governor. With Huang Gongwang, Wu Zhen, Ni Yunlin gather call “Yuan four”, its scenery by numerous, dense win. Representative the work has "Blue Bian To live in seclusion", "Area Forest Room" and so on.
 
Hands down Hongwunianjian, Wang Meng is appointed the Tai'an governor. Behind the yamen has three between buildings, by chance with Taishan relative, whenever therefore the interest to, Wang Meng then ascends Lou Tuxie the Taishan. Has drawn off and on for three years, "the Taishan Chart" completed finally.
 
One day's, his good friend Chen you say have leisure enjoy "the Taishan Chart" to the state alley building in with Wang Meng nearby, drinks tea. That day is having the heavy snow, outside the window everywhere snowflake is dancing in the air, Taishan already was the silver installs the white clothing, was really attractive. Wang Meng arises suddenly the fantasy: “the Taishan snowscape, is unexpectedly so wonderful, my this "can the Taishan Chart" like alter to the snowscape to be how could it not be wonderful!”Chen you say the nod name are: “good is good, your picture had already completed, also how to change?”Wang Meng is only smiles, but does not say, turns around to another room. When are not many, takes out a small bow, has dipped the white pen full with one, taps the ball bowstring lightly, sees only the heroin powder to be every large or small, the twinkle star spot, sprinkles naturally on the chart, suddenly feels the full mountain snowflake to dance in the air, and does not reveal the trace which revises. Then, "Dai Zong Dense Snow Chart" was born. Two people look at each other to laugh unconsciously, think mysteriously. Wang Meng is happy, then presented as a gift gives Chen this picture you to say.
 
This kind of tinting law, is truly novel, it may be said that creates the predecessor not to have. Obviously in the history, has the achievement painter to do painting is without restraint of style
 
Bright Wen Zhengming "Taishan Chart"
 
"the Taishan Chart" combines and complements one another for the calligraphy and painting, total length 2.52 meters, total width 1.56 meters, its picture length 1.09 meters, width 0.68 meter. According to the related literature record, this picture is when after being appointed the board of personnel Shangshu's Shi five th ancestor stone to present life of the Emperor Jiajing to go to Shandong sacrificial offering Taishan returns faces, in the dynasty with the official praises its merit to edit.
 
"the Taishan Chart", passed on for south of Yangzi River of then a Wen Zhengming four big talented people drew, and attached Yang Ting and, Mao Cheng, Mao Ji et al. the really good Magistrate treasured paintings, the idea has 41 many; These human and Shi Tongchao is the official, and is royal government temporary indispensable assistance minister.
 
"the Taishan Chart" the picture skill is exquisite, it is a pity, does not have the preface and postscript. It is reported that the concerned expert once had carried on the research to the drawing person, the definite drawing person is in the history illustrious painter Wen Zhengming, when at that time Wen Zhengming did painting, bore Yu Zhuguan the status to be prominent, therefore did not autograph. Concerned expert once to "the Taishan Chart" the value has made the appraisal, thought that its chart is “the extremely temporary abundance”, priceless.
 
The Qing Dynasty “the Eight Immortals of Yangzhou” a Luo Pin, three draws in its writing dripping career of art "Ascends the Dai Chart",
 
First “Ascends the Dai Chart” is in the Luo Pin landscape painting lifts a tripod work. Picture Zhongshan stone towering, the valley is certainly profound, the forest is green, the mountain road meanders, the houses are solemn. The view picture picture is with overpowering momentum. When Luo Pin draws this picture, as soon as still did not have the good fortune to climb Taishan, this spectacular mountain high tide volume is only performs according to friend's description to imagine, the exaggeration again to become. Therefore is “ascends” volume of the Dai, rather is in the author chest shade of the Taishan, in a words peak mountain range, a ditch gully, has poured into the painter to Dongyue's infinite being charmed.
 
When second "Ascends the Dai Chart", just when Luo Pin's good friend Zhu Xiaochun is appointed by the royal government as Tai'an governor of prefecture, director Dongyue, invites it to go. This time, the Luo Pin cloak in spite of the rain, three times climbs ascends the Dai crag, paces back and forth Yu Yunfeng the deep place, the body insults extremely above, visits quietly tasteful scenic spots. Taishan's morning sunlight evening is cloudy, understands a mist night of rain, integrates painter's vast heart all. He once cried loud and long the fontanel, “recites also the poem, “but actually listens to the loose wind to flow swiftly” in vain”; He once visited the tablet pinery, “the independent pine fu, looked that the tablet does not have the language alone”; He once shook out clothing treats the date, “as soon as the midnight watches the sunrise, the day sea ripples” ......However, makes the human extremely it is a pity, the Luo Pin laborious three months will stay behind for Taishan "Ascend the Dai Chart" as well as the poetry anthology afterward unexpectedly were lost, become in the Taishan picture history the eternity regrettable matter!
 
Old age Luo Pin mentions the isography peaceful Dai's paint brush once again. This time, Luo Pin has had a reunion fortunately seal cutting great master Deng Shiru, then drew third "Deng Shiru To ascend the Dai Chart" donatees the friend. Kang Youwei "the Postscript " the poem: “the cloud was mad that the boundless date view peak, the climb up looks at the sea, if can from. The spirit flies upwards outside the world, beginning knowledge being unbalanced person also wonderful pine.”In picture that independence summit in ten thousand ancient measure of length old man, what expresses in writing is precisely Luo Pin the memory which and infinite recalling disappears with difficulty to Taishan.
 
“Taishan is how big, the myriad things induce. Taishan what dignity, all phenomena on earth contains. All universe matter, all does like is the view.”Luo Pin three will draw "Ascended the Dai Chart" the sincere emotion for Taishan to leave behind a section of eternity charming story. Taishan “big”, revealed that in the grand on the landscape, integrates in this sincere humane spirit.
 
Near modern Taishan picture
 
Modern Pan Tianshou "Taishan Chart" traditional Chinese painting
 
The old age does without authorization to point, huge great wild goose, album sketch, all graceful bearing alone. Once was appointed the state-run skill, the Zhejiang Fine arts academy (all for China Fine arts academy predecessor) chief, national US cooperates vice-president specially. in 1958 attained Soviet Moscow Fine arts Research institute honorary academician. "Chinese Drawing History" and so on.
 
Modern Qian Song嵓 "Taishan Goes against a Pinus pentaphylla", "Peaceful Dai Faces Splendor" traditional Chinese painting Qian Song喦, 1899--1985, Jiangsu Yixing Yang Xiangren. Our country renowned country painter, Jiangsu Province traditional Chinese painting courtyard honorary chief. Qian Song嵓 Jinling one of four, namely the Jinling four family members refers to Qian Song嵓, Asia to be bright, Song Wenzhi, Wei Zi bright.
 
Contemporary Bai Xueshi "Taishan Longevity Bridge" traditional Chinese painting
 
Bai Xueshi, the traditional merit base is deep. His landscape painting shihtsung north school, has a side interest in the south school, Guang Cai seeks, concurrently receives each kind of picture to plant the essence, has rigorousness the Song picture, liveliness Yuan picture, Xiu of Run the watercolor painting, print pure, sprightly, but decorates US. Bai Xueshi once many times went to places sketch such as the Mt. Huangshan, Taishan, Lijiang River, obtained the massive creation source material, Bai Xueshi has done without authorization the picture scenery, regardless of were Mt. Huangshan, Taishan and Guilin scenery, was brimming with the intelligence and the vigor in his writing. He utilizes the stone line ingeniously, the table colored and thick, but not the muddy black color contrasts the beautiful scenery the clear and bright ideal condition.
 
Present age Miao Zhongan "Taishan Blue Rosy cloud Temple", "Taishan Chart Vertical shaft" traditional Chinese painting
 
Miao Zhongan, in 1938 was born, the Shanxi Yuncheng person, the Chinese Artist Association director, a level of fine arts teacher, had the outstanding contributions expert for the country, Shanxi traditional Chinese painting courtyard chief, Shanxi Province cultural federation consultant. Its landscape painting work displays the Huanghe River valley nature and the historical humanities landscape.
 
Contemporary Taishan local landscape painter Pang Zidong "Brook of the Fall", "Taishan Smoke cloud" and so on traditional Chinese paintings
 
Pang Zidong (1936-), male, Shandong Feicheng person. Research librarian (professor), national first-level fine arts teacher. in 1960 graduated from the Shandong Art academy, took advanced courses in the same year in the Shanghai Opera institute dance beautiful department. Successively holds Tai'an Art center manager, Taishan art academy chief, duties and so on Chinese Artist Association Shandong Branch directors. Incumbent Tai'an Artist association president, Shandong art academy special invited senior artist, Sino-Japanese Fine arts Exchange Association members and so on. Is engaged in the traditional Chinese painting creation, once traversal the Chinese famous mountains to win the mark.
 
Contemporary Taishan local landscape painter Zhang Weiming "Peaceful Mountain spirit Xiu", "Taishan Grand appearance", "As stable as the rock of Gibraltar" and so on traditional Chinese paintings
 
Zhang Weiming, 1958 Shandong Tai'an stranger pen name: Second grade spring, national first-level fine arts teacher, incumbent Taishan art academy[government art academy]Service chief,[35 years old are appointed the vice-research librarian (associate professor) 40 years old to be appointed the research librarian (professor)]In the recent 30 years devote to the Taishan landscape painting creation, its representative works have "the Taishan Charm", "Pull out Direct access to the highest authorities", "Peaceful Mountain spirit Xiu", "Tower East Day", "East a Day Column" as well as "Taishan Seek Scenery Series Work" (the traditional Chinese painting--One, two, three ......) once lasted for 6 months to complete the huge landscape painting for the Shandong building "Taishan Grand appearance Chart".
 
Contemporary Taishan local landscape painter Wang Shuxia "Dongyue Taishan Picture roll" and so on traditional Chinese paintings
 
Associate Professor Wang Shuxia artistic resume Shandong Scientific and technical university. Landscape painting work: Two times attends the national art exhibition, a prize. 16 works win an award in the entire province art exhibition. Six works separately by the Chairman Mao memorial hall. Opium War museum. The Singapore date rises the art museum. Swiss craft art museum collection. Once in Guangzhou. Jinan conducts an exhibition.
 
Moreover, but also has the contemporary nation and the contemporary Taishan locality devotes the Taishan picture and the Taishan culture influence painter numerously, in the unceasing creation massive Taishan painting as well as Taishan culture influence traditional Chinese painting work.
 
Although Taishan's drawing also has certain foundation, but with bright and the rich Taishan prose and calligraphy stele carving compared to, is really some are not too suitable, in view of the fact that this Taishan art academy under the higher authority government leader direct concern, founded “the Taishan picture in 1997 to send the research board”, the strength will soon be facilitating “the Taishan picture faction”, this was not only propagandizes Taishan, to propagandize Tai'an. Hits the Taishan brand the need, is the socialism civilization construction, harmony of culture the construction harmonious society need.
 
Formerly generally thought: A picture sends the formation, is not the short-term, is several generation of painters appears gradually diligently, is the society acknowledged that not says. But examines carefully the formation which all previous dynasties picture sends, is not according to a pattern. No matter according to localization, because the cultural Fan wreath forms each kind of picture faction, nothing but is two kinds forms the type; First, nature formation; second, the human makes becomes. The former appeared in the ancient times, and had the identical picture to plant, same picture wind. The latter basic only leaves in near modern age and the present age, even if is the identical region painter, in has not formed the picture sends when has certain painter community and the artistic guiding principle, its picture plants and the drawing tendency also because, the modern society in the nation, and even under the global artistic information frequent influence, thus has had the enormous difference. Near modern age, social, cultural, the artistic information's dissemination is in addition quick, causes the painter who the modern painting sends, even if with place a region, also in the identical picture will send under flag, each obviously its color. If the near modern marine picture sends with the Beijing and Tianjin picture faction.
 
Speaks of the Taishan picture faction, although still at facilitates the time, should also not seal up under the modern survival condition in the regional small group. But should by embarks from the Taishan culture connotation and the humanities makings, carries on repairs is, by heavy its Taishan sincere, containing, the open-minded spirit makes has the Taishan culture connotation Taishan picture faction, but is not some picture plants, some picture wind, some picture technique Taishan picture faction.
 
Since Taishan is the country mountain, is the town mountain, should show the study abroad mountain the breadth of spirit. Taishan Cheng Qigao, lies in Taishan not to let the soil, possesses forbearance is big. Therefore, must facilitate the Taishan picture faction, must face the nation by the open posture, compatible and gathers.
 
When explains with examples a picture faction to have one forms the earlier period to be pregnant carries the reality, that looks just appeared on the market Lijiang River picture faction: Investigated that it forms the reason, first is everybody's involvement and the upholstery. Or said that is certain everybody borrows the Lijiang River like poem like picture the alone charm scenery, but Cheng Qiwei everybody. It can be said that in these everybody most typical factor Li Keran, his work 60%, even 70% are is from the Lijiang River theme; The Bai Xueshi 90% works describe the Lijiang River; In addition has yellow one hump, Huang Gesheng, the positive sun, Song Di and so on. May say that was Lijiang River achievement these everybody, but these everybody also achievement Lijiang River picture faction.
 
Because just these Lijiang River picture sends ancestors solid footsteps, only will then have today “the Lijiang River picture faction”.
 
Will move toward future Taishan culture art, specially wants to form the Taishan art brand the Taishan picture to send the research promotion pattern, but must being ambitious experience section of arduous struggles on the drawing art path the journey.
 
Taishan art academy Vice-president Tai'an art museum associate librarian Zhang Weiming 2005.01.07
 
 
 
"As stable as the rock of Gibraltar" traditional Chinese painting Zhang Weiming draws
 
 
 
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